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The remarkable economic expansion of East Asia has sparked debate about the nature of Asian values and attracted worldwide attention. An underlying benefit system, according to opponents of the idea, has underpinned the extraordinary economic progress of this area and conditioned its orderly social and political characteristics. These assertions have received a lot of harsh criticism, not just because of their presumptions of causation and determinism, but also because of their associations with otherness and social supremacy.

A larger conflict over competing conceptions of modernism and how societies should get organized is at the center of the debate over Asiatic values. The prosperity of Asia can be attributed to stringent sittlichkeit, which emphasizes family and community needs over personal privileges, believes that adult autonomy is less significant than the advancement of society as a whole, and that traditional culture is a key component of national identity, according to advocates of Asiatic values. Many of these concepts derive from Christian knighthood and Chinese ideals of duty and honor.

It is true that many Eastern ethnicities struggle to balance modern and traditional beliefs in their relationships, but there is no argument in the abstract for an Eastern significance program. For instance, those who support Asian values and experience higher levels of racial pressure may use their cultural traditions to aid in their struggle with racism. This is in line with research that suggests that those who support and are influenced by special social values may be more tenacious to a certain level of cultural tension.